Background[ edit ] During the reign of Louis XVIFrance faced a major economic crisiscaused in part by the cost of intervening in the American Revolutionand exacerbated by a regressive system of taxation. The king initially opposed this development, but was forced to acknowledge the authority of the assembly, which renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July. The commoners had formed the National Guardsporting tricolore cockades cocardes of blue, white and red, formed by combining the red and blue cockade of Paris and the white cockade of the king.
The BBC has a series—called " Horrible Histories "—which takes us back in time with an added bit of humor. In this clip, we go to eighteenth-century France—on the 14th of July, —as citizens of Paris storm and eventally destroy a prison fortress known as the Bastille.
He initially tried to negotiate with two leaders of the gathering crowd of about peoplebut he was not skilled in such matters. Seven prisoners were housed in the Bastille on the morning of July 14th. Another—the infamous Marquis de Sade —had been transferred to another location earlier in the month.
When de Launay was unable to manage the rising tensions, he was arrested.
On his way to the City Hall of Parisde Launay was killed by the angry crowd. How did America and, in particular, the U.
Having just concluded a revolutionary war itself, did American policies tend to support—or not support—events in France? For answers to those questions, we turn to the U.
The French Revolution lasted from until The Revolution precipitated a series of European wars, forcing the United States to articulate a clear policy of neutrality in order to avoid being embroiled in these European conflicts.
The French Revolution also influenced U. If the federal government itself remained neutral, what did the American people—on balance—think about the events in France? When the first rumors of political change in France reached American shores inthe U.
Americans hoped for democratic reforms that would solidify the existing Franco-American alliance and transform France into a republican ally against aristocratic and monarchical Britain.
However, with revolutionary change [in France] also came political instability, violence, and calls for radical social change in France that frightened many Americans.
American political debate over the nature of the French Revolution exacerbated pre-existing political divisions and resulted in the alignment of the political elite along pro-French and pro-British lines.
Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton led the Federalist Party, which viewed the Revolution with skepticism and sought to preserve existing commercial ties with Great Britain. With the two most powerful members of his cabinet locked in opposition, President George Washington tried to strike a balance between the two.
From tothe French Revolution became increasingly radical.
These two powers [Britain and Spain] joined Austria and other European nations in the war against Revolutionary France that had already started in The United States remained neutral, as both Federalists and Democratic-Republicans saw that war would lead to economic disaster and the possibility of invasion.Bastille Day is a holiday celebrating the storming of the Bastille—a military fortress and prison—on July 14, , in a violent uprising that helped usher in .
The capture of the Bastille symbolized the end of the ancien regime and provided the French revolutionary cause with an irresistible momentum.
In , . The Storming of the Bastille (French: Prise de la Bastille [pʁiz də la bastij]) occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming, but was seen by the revolutionaries as a symbol of. The storming of the Bastille also reminds us that modern citizens were not only born out of acts of valor or cruelty only, but also out of the act of .
The tantalizing lie of revolution is the idea that heaven-on-earth sits right around the corner, provided some hated class can be overthrown and then purged from public life. "Storming of the. On July 14, , the French Revolution began with the storming of the Bastille prison.
The Bastille has become such an important historical symbol that visitors to Paris seeking to get a look.