Early coins[ edit ] The Lydian Lion coin directly preceded ancient Greek coinage, through which Rome begot all Western coinage, and which through the Seleukids, Parthians, and Sassanians begot all Islamic coinage. Indian coinage has largely been a product of Greek, Roman, and Islamic influences. Even the smallest-denomination electrum coins, perhaps worth about a day's subsistence, would have been too valuable for buying a loaf of bread.
Copper coins were used throughout the Ming dynasty. Paper money was used for various kinds of payments and grants by the government, but it was always nonconvertible and, consequently, lost value disastrously.
It would in fact have been utterly valueless, except that it was… Coins as historical data Being made in most ages of precious metalor alternatively possessing a substantial token value, coins have always been prized, often hoarded, and, therefore, frequently buried for safety. The contents of such savings banks have been dug up in all ages, so that the coins of past civilizations continue to be found in vast numbers.
Studied alongside literary or archaeological evidence, they yield a wide range of information that is especially valuable for chronology and economic history. Coins may reflect the wealth and power of cities and states, and study of their distribution may help to define the physical extent of territorial dominion or to illustrate major commercial connections.
Thus, the popularity in ancient times of Athenian coins in the Levant and of Corinthian silver in Magna Graecia southern Italy testifies to established trade links.
Finds of early Roman imperial gold in India corroborate the reference of the Roman historian Pliny the Elder to the drain on Roman gold to pay for Indian and other Eastern luxuries. One result of such widespread commercial contacts is that certain currencies acquired special international preeminence.
In medieval times, the gold dinars a term derived from the Roman denarius of the early caliphs and the gold ducats of Florence and Venice played a similar role—as did the silver dollars of Mexico, the Maria Theresa of Austria, and the gold sovereigns of Great Britain in modern times.
Moreover, the study of depreciation and debasement of coinage may illuminate past national financial distress. For example, the heavily alloyed 3rd-century-ad Roman antoniniani coins introduced by the Roman emperor Caracalla, originally having a value of two denarii tell their tale as clearly as the depreciating paper currency of Germany in and after A very realistic portrait from the Pergamum mint, the coin was issued posthumously by one of Alexander's trusted generals.
Bottom On the reverse side, Athena enthroned. WGS Photofile No less valuable than the economic evidence yielded by a comparative study of coins is their purely documentary importance.
Together with medalsthey present an unrivaled series of historical portraits from the 4th century bc to the present day, many of them otherwise unknown, like the Greco-Bactrian kings or certain usurpers during the Roman Empire. Greek coinage is a particularly notable contribution to the history of art, displaying not only the beauty and strength of many artistic traditions but also like Roman coinage the miniature likenesses of numerous large-scale sculptural and architectural works now lost.
The imperial coinage of Rome, apart from its portraiture, is important above all for the remarkable detail of its chronological and political content; and from both Greek and Roman coins much can be learned of mythology and religion.
The Christian influences active in medieval Europe can be similarly measured from medieval currencies. The principal metals of which ancient coins were made were electrumgoldsilvercopperbrassand bronze —all of them more or less resistant to decay.
Their use at first was generally dictated by availability.
|Fair Coin (Coin, #1) by E.C. Myers||Without it, anarchy would break out. Yet, while everyone knows money is important, is ALL money important?|
|Long and Short Essay on Money in English for Children and Students||Archives Archives April 18, by Jacqueline L. Exposing the Myths of the New Way of War16 min read Perhaps only Douglas Porch, with his encyclopedic knowledge of insurgency and counterinsurgency COIN and his broader military expertise, could have written this book.|
The earliest coins of Asia Minor were of electrum, a natural occurring alloy washed from Lydian rivers electrum was later produced artificially.The Gold Coin by Alma Flor Ada Lesson plans and teaching resources The Gold Coin by Alma Flor Ada Summary, analysis, and 4 sets of discussion questions based on different themes in the story.
The Gold Coin 10 postreading questions, including character analysis and theme. Word processor required.
The present currency system in India (i.e., after World War II) is managed by the Reserve Bank of India and is based on inconvertible paper currency system.
It has two aspects: (a) internal aspect, and (b) external aspect. The internal aspect deals with the circulation of coins and currency notes. Counterinsurgency: Exposing the Myths of the New Way of War is a magisterial examination across time and space of the history of COIN.
It is intended to dispel the myths propagated around it as a kinder, gentler form of warfare waged for the benefit of all involved. At the same time, it is better to pass by argumentative essay topics connected with religion, gender, race, and other sensitive episodes of human life.
Otherwise, your subjective opinion may be graded subjectively. There are always two sides of the coin. So, even if you're pretty sure in your claim, and the majority of people tend to. My favourite hobby is coin and currency collection.
It is also called NUMISMATICS. It is also one of the oldest hobbies of the world and is also called ‘hobby of the Kings’, as in the old times, it was only done by kings and elite class of the society.
Two Sides of the Coin Essay Two Sides of the Vietnamese Coin marked the end of the Indochina War, the creation of the Geneva Accords, and the beginning of the division of Vietnam.