Indias aging population essay

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Indias aging population essay

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India has experienced extraordinary population growth: India ranks at the bottom of the pyramid in per capita-level consumption indicators not only in energy or electricity but in almost all other relevant per capita-level consumption indicators, despite high rates of growth in the last decade.

Relatively socio-economically advanced Indian states had a fertility rate of less than 2. But in poorer states like Bihar, fertility rates were nearer to 4.

But India is not East Asia. Its population density is almost three times the average in East Asia and more than eight times the world average of 45 people per square kilometre. If India has anywhere near 1. Besides, in terms of infrastructure development India currently is nowhere near where East Asian nations were before their boom.

In terms of soft to hard infrastructure, spanning education, healthcare, roads, electricity, housing, employment growth and more, India is visibly strained. For example, India has an installed energy capacity of little more than gigawatts; China has more than gigawatts and aims to generate gigawatts of clean electricity by To make matters worse, many of the newly installed power stations in India face Indias aging population essay acute shortage of coal, and future supply is not guaranteed.

China mines close to four billion tonnes of coal per year, which has a negative effect on both local and global air quality. At some stage, it is probably inevitable that India will need much greater capacity than its present rate of mining million tonnes of coal per year, which is also causing local and global pollution levels to rise — parts of India face air quality problems similar to those in China.

On oil, India imports close to 80 per cent of its crude oil requirements, while it also runs an unsustainable current account deficit of more than 5 per cent of its GDP, and reserves for new energy sources like shale gas do not look promising either.

In —07, the average Indian consumed only 2, calories per day — below the defined poverty line in rural areas of 2, calories a day. The trend in recent years is for Indians to eat even less.

So, for India, treating lightly Malthusian predictions about food supply until or beyond may not be prudent. Worldwide food prices have been on the rise to unforeseen levels, and India too has been suffering from high food inflation.

Finally, even if India manages to feed its burgeoning population, its growth may not be ecologically sustainable. The global demand for water in is projected to be more than 50 per cent of what it was inand demand for food will double.

On average, a thousand tons of water is required to produce one ton of food grains. So have the policy responses been proportional to the gravity of the demographic, ecological and developmental problems facing India?

The probable answer is that policy makers have failed miserably on all measurable counts.

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If one compares India to China this becomes clear. There will be ample time for multiple schools to have their post-mortems on the success and failure of the one-child policy, but it has helped China to control its population by a possible million people.

How long will India take to get to that stage? There is a distinct possibility of irreversible and unsustainable population growth and big question marks remain over how India will provide nearly 1. In this environment to raise an alarm that turns out to be false is better than relying on comfortable slogans like the demographic dividend.

Words essay on population explosion in india essay

The longer India delays acknowledging the severity of these problems and dealing with them head on, the graver the consequences are likely to be.Discussion: Ethical Issues With an Aging Population According to the CDC, in the United States, the proportion of the population aged>65 years is projected to increase from % in to % in , (CDC, , para.

2). Ageing population is a very serious issue that the developing countries will face in a short period of time.

Indias aging population essay

Out of these three solutions the best solution would be to encourage families to have more than one baby and give them support. India is the second most populous country in the world. This has its positive and negative aspects. This has its positive and negative aspects.

Advantages and Disadvantages of an Ageing Population - IHST Project

The positive aspect is . Evidence from India’s last Census in , confirmed by data from the recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), shows that fertility in India is fast approaching replacement levels.

Essay India’s Aging Population Words | 5 Pages. projection it will surpass China and become the most populated by (UN news). In , both China and India are predicted to have billion, but China’s population will decrease thereafter whereas India’s will continue to increase.

Jul 23,  · Slowly, attention is shifting to the dangers of super-low fertility, population decline, and rapid aging. Recent changes in population policy do not match the new demographic reality, however.

China's Population Policy Now a Problem, Not a Solution | HuffPost