Early Colonial Era Beginnings to A. On October 12, sailing the Santa Maria, he lands in the Bahamas, thinking it is an outlying Japanese island.
This work is rescued from the class of mere translation by its literary art and imaginative interpretation, and it possesses for us an additional interest because of its nativity amid such surroundings.
Two lines telling how Philemon "Took down a flitch of bacon with a prung, That long had in the smoky chimney hung," show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.
He himself says of this version that it was "bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to bring it to light, instead of the muses.
The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers.
This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacona young Virginian patriot and military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of Bacon and his rebellion.
These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in colonial poetry: Our arms, though ne'er so strong, Will want the aid of his commanding tongue, Which conquered more than Caesar.
This is today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for what has come to be known as southern hospitality: A stranger has no more to do, but to inquire upon the road where any gentleman or good housekeeper lives, and there he may depend upon being received with hospitality.
This good nature is so general among their people, that the gentry, when they go abroad, order their principal servant to entertain all visitors with everything the plantation affords.
And the poor planters who have but one bed, will very often sit up, or lie upon a form or couch all night, to make room for a weary traveller to repose himself after his journey. He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in the Year This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding.
This selection describes the Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: Doubtless the eternal shade that broods over this mighty bog and hinders the sunbeams from blessing the ground, makes it an uncomfortable habitation for anything that has life. Not so much as a Zealand frog could endure so aguish a situation.
It had one beauty, however, that delighted the eye, though at the expense of all the other senses: Not even a turkey buzzard will venture to fly over it, no more than the Italian vultures will fly over the filthy lake Avernus or the birds in the Holy Land over the salt sea where Sodom and Gomorrah formerly stood.
Our chaplain for his part did his office and rubbed us up with a seasonable sermon. This was quite a new thing to our brethren of North Carolina, who live in a climate where no clergyman can breathe, and when they fock, they fock hard.
No critic could say that they might as well have been written in London as in Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form. Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at the beginning of the eighteenth century.
In addition to improvement in form, we may note the appearance of a new quality: America's earliest writers have few traces of humor because colonization was a serious life and death affair to them. In New England there were more dwellers in towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and more literature.
The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the Puritans had fought the Stuart kings and had approved a Commonwealth.
In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an increasing power in the political history of the country. The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class.
It was long the fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home. New England started a printing press, and was printing books by In Sir William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, wrote, "I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and heresy and sects into the world, and printing has developed them.
The South was chiefly agricultural.Previous colonial wars in North America had started in Europe and then spread to the colonies, but the French and Indian War is notable for having started in North America and spread to Europe.
One of the primary causes of the war was increasing competition between Britain and France, especially in the Great Lakes and Ohio valley.
Outlines > Literature > Acknowledgements; Early American and Colonial Period to ; Democratic Origins and Revolutionary Writers, ; . Outlines > Literature > Acknowledgements; Early American and Colonial Period to ; Democratic Origins and Revolutionary Writers, ; The Romantic Period, Essayists and Poets.
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The Early American Colonial Regions The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies. Share Flipboard Email Print The Road to American Independence Introduction One important event that happened in the Middle Colonies during the colonial period was the Zenger Trial in John Peter Zenger was arrested for writing against the royal. Early American and Colonial Period to A merican literature begins with the orally transmitted myths, legends, tales, and lyrics (always songs) of Indian cultures. There was no written literature among the more than different Indian languages and tribal cultures that existed in North America before the first Europeans arrived. Colonial Period Attempting to include all phases in the development of European colonies in the Americas, the Newberry has an abundance of primary source material documenting the British, French, Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
No other period of American literature is as derivative of English literature as the colonial period. Relation to English Literature [ edit ] The British claimed most of the Atlantic seaboard north of Florida as belonging to Britain soon after Columbus discovered land across the Atlantic Ocean.
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