Important We believe any unbiased reader will realize that we were fair with our treatment of the two models in the table above. Yet, although the theory of evolution matches the facts in some cases, evolution is still an unproven theory.
Since the early 20th century, parents, teachers, and politicians have often been embroiled in contentious debates regarding freedom of religion as applied to the role of religious interpretations of science in the public school science curriculum.
Religious fundamentalists view evolution as both unscientific and amoral and advocate its replacement with a faith-based account of the origin of man. Others accept that evolution is fundamental to science and therefore important for students to study.
The courts have consistently ruled that creationism and, later, Intelligent Design are not science and therefore do not belong in the public school science classroom.
The legal controversy has spilled over into America's public school science classrooms a number of times-first in the Scopes Trial of to Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District and ongoing debate among the members of the Texas Board of Education about the inclusion of both debate of evolutionary theories and information regarding Intelligent Design.
On one side are creationists, those who believe that God created the entire universe less than 10, years ago. On the other side are evolutionists, many of them professional scientists, who believe that the universe has unfolded over billions of years through an unguided, natural process, called evolution.
Evolutionists in America are often known as Darwinists, after the Creation vs evolution research paper naturalist Charles Darwinwho proposed in The Origin of Species that all life on earth evolved through evolution by natural selection-an unguided process that "selects" as the fittest those individuals that leave the most offspring.
Creationists, who interpret the Bible's book of Genesis literally, believe that human beings are the special, divine creation of an almighty God, and therefore fundamentally distinct from all other creatures on earth.
Evolutionists believe that humans are big-brained mammals who not only share a common Creation vs evolution research paper with chimpanzees, but are related organically to all other life forms on the planet.
In the early s, a group of creationists who supported the scientifically determined age of the universe diverged from traditional creationism and founded a movement called Intelligent Design ID. Supporters of Intelligent Design have been less dogmatic than old-line creationists about the nature of the Designer, but they agree with creationists that human beings are not the end product of a solely naturalistic process of evolution.
The debate between creation and evolution takes place within a fiercely religious cultural context. The United States has always been a religious nation. Church attendance in America is high compared to other industrialized nations.
Though America does not have an established church, there is a widespread belief that the preservation of religion-in whatever form it takes-is essential to the continued health of the country.
From the founding of the United States through the nineteenth century, most education was provided by parents and churches. Beginning with the Puritans, many Americans accepted the statement in the Old Testament that parents were to be the primary educators of their children.
The idea was that parents would instill the moral and ethical values necessary for the happiness of the individual and the health of the nation. However, with the industrial revolution of the 19th century requiring more men and women to join the workforce, the education of Americans was increasingly left to public schools and state boards of education.
However, this did not imply that parents and pastors wanted their children to be taught in an amoral environment. In practice, however, the symbiotic relationship between parents, churches, and public schools was more an ideal than reality.
First, the long-established doctrine of the separation of church and state, which was implicit in the First Amendment and then articulated by Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, required that public schools not become proxy churches.
Impartiality was the intent, and teaching any one religiously based viewpoint was suspect, if not unconstitutional. Second, even though a viewpoint was held by a majority of parents and pastors did not necessarily mean that it represented a scholarly consensus on the topic.
While some parents and pastors were college-educated, many were not, and those who did attend school often had little more than a few years of formal schooling.
Along these same lines, there was a growing sentiment among American intellectuals that majority rule was a clear and present danger to the civil liberties of those with minority political and religious viewpoints.
In the view of many educated Americans, these minorities should enjoy full and equal protection under the law Larson, Given these factors, perhaps it was not very surprising that in some regions of the country, particularly in the South and the Midwest, the educational authorities ran afoul of public opinion.
With tension growing between majority rule and individual rights, the teaching of evolution became a flash point. Beginning in the early twentieth century, there were numerous attempts made by anti-evolutionists later known as creationists to ban the teaching of evolution in public schools.
Under pressure from these constituents, state legislatures in 15 states were considering bans on the teaching of evolution by Some creationists opposed evolution on scientific grounds, charging that it was more theory than fact, while others insisted that evolution-often called Darwinism-undermined the authority of the Bible, thus putting the nation's moral health in peril.
For this latter group it was time to get back to religious fundamentals, and an influential book series by that title "The Fundamentals," gave the world a new term: In addition to Roman Catholicism, socialism, and higher biblical criticism, the authors of "The Fundamentals" included Darwinism as a menace to all that was good and holy Numbers, This anti-Darwinian sentiment was made even stronger by the events of World War I.Every school year, students wanting to do a paper on “Creation vs.
Evolution” contact Answers in Genesis for our advice and insights. In reply, we share the following points with our studious enquirers.
Doing a Report on Creation vs. Evolution. Share: Email Using: Gmail Yahoo!
Creation Versus Evolution: It may be easier to read if you print it out on paper. Print one test page first, as some browser/printer combinations make this text very light.
Available through The Institute for Creation Research. Bowden, Malcolm (). - Evolution and Creation The scientific theory of evolution is fairly young compared to the religious belief of creationism. Before Charles Darwin, evolution was a blasphemous idea, while the belief that a god who is creator of everything was widely accepted.
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This article discusses the legal issues surrounding the teaching of creationism and evolution in public school science.
Creation and Augustine vs. Evolution and Charles Darwin Essay - In this philosophical scientific research paper, I will proceed as follows.