Bird by bird some instructions on writing and life 1st edition

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Bird by bird some instructions on writing and life 1st edition

Invoking CVSUp: However, I'm going to take a wild guess and assume that the majority of CVS users - present and potential - are most likely working in a Unix command-line environment.

If you aren't one of these, the examples in the tour should be easy to translate to other interfaces. Once you understand the concepts, you can sit down at any CVS front end and work with it trust me, I've done it many times.

The examples in the tour are oriented toward people who will be using CVS to keep track of programming projects. However, CVS operations are applicable to all text documents, not just source code. The tour also assumes that you already have CVS installed it's present by default on many of the popular free Unix systems, so you might already have it without knowing it and that you have access to a repository.

Even if you are not set up, you can still benefit from reading the tour. Known familiarly as the "Cederqvist" after Per Cederqvist, its original authorit comes with the CVS source distribution and is usually the most up-to-date reference available.

It's written in Texinfo format and should be available on Unix systems in the "Info" documentation hierarchy. If neither of these works for you, consult your local Unix guru or see Repository Administration regarding installation issues.

You'll definitely want to have the Cederqvist at your fingertips if you're going to be using CVS regularly. Invoking CVSNext: Accessing A RepositoryPrevious: When you invoke CVS, you must specify which action you want to perform. Thus, the format of a CVS invocation is: Don't bother to try running any of those particular commands yet, though; they won't do anything until you're in a working copy, which we'll get to shortly.

Both CVS and the command can take options. Options that affect the behavior of CVS, independently of the command being run, are called global options; command-specific options are just called command options.

bird by bird some instructions on writing and life 1st edition

Global options always go to the left of the command; command options, to its right. If you're curious, -Q means "quietly"-that is, suppress all diagnostic output, and print error messages only if the command absolutely cannot be completed for some reason; -p means to send the results of update to standard output instead of to files.

bird by bird some instructions on writing and life 1st edition

Accessing A RepositoryNext: Starting A New ProjectPrevious: This isn't a concern if you already have a working copy checked out - any working copy knows what repository it came from, so CVS can automatically deduce the repository for a given working copy.

However, let's assume you don't have a working copy yet, so you need to tell CVS explicitly where to go. This is done with the -d global option the -d stands for "directory", an abbreviation for which there is a historical justification, although -r for "repository" might have been betterfollowed by the path to the repository.

CVS provides a choice of network access methods; which one you'll use depends mostly on the security needs of the repository machine hereinafter referred to as "the server".

Setting up the server to allow various remote access methods is covered in Repository Administration ; here we'll deal only with the client side. Fortunately, all the remote access methods share a common invocation syntax. In general, to specify a remote repository as opposed to a local one, you just use a longer repository path.

You first name the access method, delimited on each side by colons, followed by the username and the server name joined with an signanother separator colon, and finally the path to the repository directory on the server.

Let's look at the pserver access method, which stands for "password-authenticated server": There's no requirement that the hostname be "cvs.

It prompts for a password, then contacts the server to verify the password. Following Unix custom, cvs login returns silently if the login succeeds; it shows an error message if it fails for instance, because the password is incorrect. You only have to log in once from your local machine to a given CVS server.

After a successful login, CVS stores the password in your home directory, in a file called. It consults that file every time a repository is contacted via the pserver method, so you only have to run login the first time you access a given CVS server from a particular client machine.

Of course, you can rerun cvs login anytime if the password changes. Once you've stored the authentication information in your.

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