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Discuss on our China Forum with other visitors of Chinaorbit about Chinese culture living and studying in China Subscribe to our China Newsletter Our newsletter about current political and cultural events in China. Anzeige Reform and opening-up policies in China After the death of Mao Zedong, an alteration in the economic system was introduced.
Just as abolishing the people's communes, readmittance of family-oriented agriculture, and limited introduction of prices and markets initially outlined China's economic course to supplement the planned economy by stimulating production via natural market regulation, so now since the 14th party congress we hear about a socialist market economy with Chinese features.
Ideological foundations of reform in China This change in economic policy was founded in and introduced by ideology, by way of reformulating the Principal Contradiction in Chinese society during 's third plenary session of the eleventh central committee of the CCP-namely, the contradiction between the growing material and cultural needs of the people and backward social production.
The socialist market economy was manifested in the new Constitution of the CCP 18 October and its four modernizations: No reform was initiated for the purpose of introducing a market economy or democratic system in the western sense.
The leaders viewed themselves as being at the primary stage of socialism and wanted to reach the end phase more quickly.
The opinion that these ideological axioms have degenerated to mere lip service boils down to the west's associating the word "reform" with the concept of democratization. It is nonetheless unmistakable that the economic opening-up had societal and political consequences that the Party had to deal with.
Results of reform and opening-up policies in China Results of reform and opening-up policies Reform and opening-up policy effected a shift of not only the economic, but also the justice and political systems.
Export-oriented growth policy and the intended support of foreign investment brought with it the need for stability of the law; that is, the CCP endeavored to reform economic law as well as the justice system-but instead of with the goal of better serving justice, with the idea of forming the law into a better tool.
On a political level, reform led to a narrower integration of state officials and the economy, which also led to a great deal of corruption. In a large anticorruption campaign began, but with only moderate success. Corruption has become one of the most important concomitants in view of the economic shift Mass campaigns in China Another concomitant phenomenon is defending mass campaigns for the enforcement of control over the society and repression of adversaries.
Mass campaigns, with few exceptions, have made way to new means of repression targeted at groups classified as enemies of the system, such as members of the democratic movement or religious groups like Falun Gong.
Political control in China In maintaining much of its control over the political system in this manner, the Party has hat to accept that its ability enforcing political decisions on the provincial level has declined. The gulf in the standards of living among provinces, in particular among coastal and still underdeveloped western ones, has widened; provinces go more and more their own ways, developing their own markets and independent financial and taxation policies.
Economic policy, therefore, has had the consequence of decentralizing administrative responsibilities. The partisan permeation of non-governmental enterprise has dwindled like rural party organization at lower levels.
The latter is expected to take on special significance as the standard of living increases and the economy turns from export-oriented growth to one focused on domestic demand.After the death of Mao Zedong, an alteration in the economic system was introduced.
Just as abolishing the people's communes, readmittance of family-oriented agriculture, and limited introduction of prices and markets initially outlined China's economic course to supplement the planned economy by stimulating production via natural market regulation, so now (since the 14th party congress) we.
On the foundation of the People's Republic in , he became Mao's Vice Chairman. In Mao Zedong stepped aside for his chosen successor Liu who then became Chairman until Liu together with Deng Xiaoping criticized the Great Leap Forward in and further criticism of Mao's harsh policies followed.
Deng Xiaoping reemerged as China's paramount leader shortly after the death of Mao Zedong in Deng Xiaoping's goal in was to set China back on the course of economic development that had been badly interrupted . The People's Republic Of China: III The Cultural Revolution Decade, In the early s, Mao was on the political sidelines and in semiseclusion.
After Mao Zedong Summary. Mao remained in undisputed control of China until his death in After Mao's death there was a power stuggle, which saw the fall of Mao's 'Gang of Four' supporters, and the restoration of Deng Xiaoping, who followed a more moderate line whilst retaining absolute political control.
OTHER PARTIES (Parties that have yet to field or endorse any candidates for office) AMERICAN EAGLE PARTY (AMERICAN FREEDOM UNION) - Launched in , the AEP is the political party of the white supremacist splinter group American Freedom Union, which formed from .