GallagherKim Parker and Kevin T. Maass Note Some trends shown in this report have been updated.
Firearm-related deaths are the third leading cause of death overall among US children aged 1 to 17 years and the second leading cause of injury-related death. Previous studies examined selected outcomes or certain types of firearm injuries.
What This Study Adds: This is the most comprehensive analysis of firearm-related deaths and injuries among US children to date, examining overall patterns, patterns by intent, trends over time, state-level patterns, and precipitating circumstances.
These findings underscore the need for scientifically sound solutions. It examines overall patterns of firearm-related death and injury, patterns by type of firearm injury interpersonal, self-directed, and unintentionaltrends over time, state-level patterns, and circumstances surrounding these deaths.
The findings underscore the need for scientifically sound solutions to address this important public health problem. Methods A firearm injury is defined as a gunshot wound or penetrating injury from a weapon that uses a powder charge to fire a projectile.
New data were not collected for these analyses. Firearm deaths were examined for children aged 0 to 17 years by known intent homicide, suicide, unintentionalrace and ethnicity, and state.
State-level data include deaths of state residents only and exclude deaths of nonresidents, even if the fatal injury occurred within the state in question.
Given potential differences in exposures for younger children 0—12 years compared with older children 13—17 yearsthe data were stratified by age group where possible.
Nonfatal injury estimates have been adjusted to account for hospital nonresponse and changes in the number of US hospital EDs over time. NEISS classifies injury intent by using standard definitions for the following categories: Self-harm data are reported only for children aged 10 years and older see previous note.
Information on nonfatal injury by racial and ethnic group is not presented here because of large amounts of missing race and ethnicity data.
Data on circumstances and other incident characteristics for firearm homicide, firearm suicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among children were derived from the National Violent Death Reporting System NVDRS. NVDRS is an active, state-based surveillance system started in that collects information on all violent deaths and unintentional firearm deaths within participating states from 3 primary sources: NVDRS collects detailed information about the context and circumstances of these deaths, including victim and perpetrator characteristics.
States joined the NVDRS system in different years 13 ; data for each state were included for all available years. Crude rates per children were calculated by using US Census bridged-race population estimates.
To derive the average annual number of nonfatal firearm injuries, national estimates for each year from to were summed and divided by 3. Similar calculations were made to derive the average annual number of firearm deaths by using unweighted data and annualized mortality rates.
Additional years of data — were used for the state maps to provide stable estimates at the state level. SAS and joinpoint regression analyses were used to test the significance of trends across the period from to The annual rates of firearm homicide 2. For the younger group aged 0—12 yearsthe annual rate of firearm homicide 0.
As noted previously, suicide rates were calculated only for children aged 10 years and older; therefore, they cannot be directly compared. During the same period, an average of children each year received medical treatment in an ED for a firearm-related assault, an act of self-harm, or from an unintentional firearm injury, for an average annual rate of 7.
United States, — Firearm injuries have among the highest case fatality rates of most illnesses or injuries. The case fatality rate ie, the proportion of cases resulting in deathhowever, varies by intent. The annual rate of firearm death for boys from to was 4. Older children aged 13—17 years had a rate of fatal firearm injury that was more than 12 times higher than the rate for younger children aged 0—12 years:The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Office of Financial Resources (OFR) aids in achieving CDC’s mission by quickly and effectively allocating funds to .
Today, gun control is under discussion everywhere. All the tragic gun violence-related events that took place recently and not so recently led not only to grief but to all sorts of speculation on all levels.
Get up to the minute breaking political news and in-depth analysis on timberdesignmag.com The figures matter because gun-control activists use them as evidence in their fight for bans on assault weapons, stricter background checks and other legislation.
Many aspects of the gun control issue are best measured and sometimes can only be measured through surveys, but the accuracy of such surveys depends upon respondents providing truthful answers to questions that are sometimes controversial and potentially incriminating.
Thus, Just Facts uses this data critically, citing the best-designed . What’s really behind the gun control movement? Islamist are infiltrating the United States from Mexico, and this Administration is letting it happen.