Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives.
NEXT America Comes of Age By the lateth century, Americans enjoyed more liberties than most people in the world, and they paid lower taxes than the subjects of any other European state.
But even as they declared their allegiance to the British monarch, they tarred and feathered his royal officials. And even though they professed loyalty to the rule of English law, they boycotted imports, defied taxes, and burned ships that docked in their ports.
They were defiant protestors but reluctant revolutionaries. In the beginning, the Americans sought reconciliation with their sovereign along with recognition of their rights. Once the concepts of liberty and self-representation were lodged in the hearts and minds of the Patriots, the only remaining course of action was Parliamentary compromise or war.
Long before the Revolution was ever waged on the battlefields at Lexington, Saratoga, or Yorktown, it was decided in the mansions of the Virginia gentry, the pulpits of the churches, the town halls of New England and the backcountry of Tennessee.
For the first time, the masses seemed to have absorbed and were acting upon their conceptualization of liberty and its meaning. Their actions—and preexisting local feuds—often profoundly influenced the response of colonial elites from the Hudson River Valley to the plantations of the Chesapeake.
Dense, sophisticated 17th and 18th-century political philosophies of the Enlightenment were now articulated in simple, easy-to-read pamphlets by revolutionaries like the Englishman Thomas Paine. Colonists demanded representation, and in the process, accountability on the part of their leaders.
The underlying message of the growing tension with British Parliament was the American notion that government exists to serve and protect the people. When it fails to do so, the people can revolt and establish a new government that serves their interests.
Meanwhile, whole segments of the colonial population for whom the rhetoric of freedom was never intended capitalized on its potential for radical change.
Slaves seized their own freedom by escaping, fighting behind British lines, enlisting with the Continental Army, or plotting insurrections to take advantage of the social upheaval that surrounded and distracted their masters.
They understood the language and meaning of liberty and they pressed for a fuller realization of the revolutionary promise. Many Blacks and whites recognized all too well the inherent hypocrisy in waging a war for independence while tolerating human bondage in their midst.
Many women also saw the possibility for change that might improve upon their own lives by giving them more individual as well as nationalistic self-determination.
Colonial ladies could express their dedication to the cause and derive a sense of self-importance and patriotism by fundraising, spying, weaving homespun, and delivering messages across enemy lines. For white women and all African Americans, the Revolutionary War offered at least a chance to expand on rights and liberties that had been circumscribed before.
Americans believed in their cause and in their General, George Washington, with a fervor that Hessian mercenaries—from Germany—and homesick English troops could never match. They also had specific notions of what they were fighting for: Even if elite colonists thought differently, and even if their new government—which discriminated against women and African Americans—seems less than completely egalitarian today, in the context of the 18th century, it marked a substantial and unprecedented break from the past.
And not all of those who fought for independence had purely noble and idealistic reasons for doing so. Many colonial elites stood to benefit economically from their decision to cast off British creditors and boycott exports to inflate crop prices.
They were also heavily influenced by African Americans, whose strivings for emancipation worried the slaveowners who prized a stable society as necessary to protect their most valuable investment and the source of their labor.
Others came down in favor of whichever side opposed their own longstanding local enemies. Despite its flaws, the American Revolution changed the world, launching a global age of revolutions.
Soon after, the centuries-old monarchy of France would fall. But these actions remained intrinsically tied to the American precedent of successful struggle for self-determination, liberty, equality, and freedom.Factors Leading to the American Revolution.
of descending importance, were Parliamentary taxation, the restriction of civil liberties, the measures of the British military, and the legacy of colonial religious and political timberdesignmag.com most important issue prompting Americans to rebel in is clearly Parliamentary timberdesignmag.com began early in colonial life with the system of mercantilism.
8 Colonial Rebellion Americans and Redcoats fought together against the French but, as the saying goes, familiarity breeds contempt, and colonial militias resented the contempt of their superiors in the British military.
More importantly, some colonists didn’t think that they needed the British anymore and the population inhabiting these. Massachusetts was declared in a state of rebellion in February and the British garrison received orders to disarm the rebels and arrest their leaders, leading to .
Brief Overview The French and Indian War. The North American theater of the primarily European Seven Years’ War was known as the French and Indian timberdesignmag.com was fought between Britain and France from to for colonial dominance in North America.
The American Revolution and the Institution of Slavery - Introduction The American Revolution is defined as the political turbulence that took place towards the end of eighteenth century when thirteen colonies in America united to attain freedom from the British Empire (Clifford, ).
It was used to open Chapter XI, ‘The American Rebellion and the Great French War, ; Reign of George III,’ with the two poems framing the section of the chapter in which Fletcher outlines the events of the American war of independence.