Open in a separate window Among female drivers, the injuries clustered in patterns. The injuries reported among male drivers clustered in injury patterns. No differences in the distributions of these patterns were observed by airbag status data not shown. Airbags were involved in only one of these deaths, that of a female driver.
Promoting accident prevention education and training. How effective are interventions by health professionals?
Research into child safety practices suggests that safety advice for families can be effective. Cochrane reviews found that: Home safety education usually given in a face-to-face settingparticularly with the provision of safety equipment, is effective in increasing safety practices.
Health professionals could improve their awareness and involvement in accident prevention. A survey of primary care organisation PCO board members, including GPs, found limited knowledge of and low prioritisation of accident prevention compared with other health promotion activities.
Specific medical conditions Doctors are well placed to advise patients on accident risks relevant to their medical problems. Tools such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and expertise such as sleep disorder clinics are valuable. Hypoglycaemia is an important cause of driving mishaps in those with type I diabetes.
Drivers should take precautions such as checking their blood glucose before driving, taking meals and snacks and not ignoring symptoms of hypoglycaemia.
People with poorly controlled epilepsy can be advised how to minimise their risks of injury during a seizure - eg, take a shower instead of a bath, do not iron when alone and other tips.
Identified risk factors for injuries include the number of anti-epileptic drugs, history of generalised seizures and seizure frequency.
ADHD has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of serious transport accidents. There is evidence that this risk is reduced by medication in male patients but not in females.
Aboutchildren are admitted to hospital annually in the UK and 2 million attend emergency departments. In a typical CCG with a population of , this equates to approximately 3, emergency departments visits and hospital admissions for child injuries.
Use an evidence-based approach where possible and dispel myths - eg, some parents wrongly believe that cooker guards and baby walkers are safe. Safety advice for carers of young children The NHS choices website provides clear guidance on preventing accidents in young children.
Falls Use stair gates until the child is aged 2; teach older children how to climb stairs but supervise them even 4-year-olds may need some help.
If the gaps between banisters or balcony railings are more than 6. Take care to avoid tripping when carrying a baby. Keep low furniture away from windows. Fit windows with safety catches and ensure adults know where the keys are kept in case of fire. Use a five-point harness with a highchair.
Choking, strangulation and suffocation Keep all ties and cords short eg, on curtains, blinds and switches to avoid a child being strangled by the cord.
Keep small objects such as coins and buttons away from babies and toddlers. Keep plastic bags out of reach. Burns and scalds Put cold water in a bath before hot water, check the temperature carefully; consider fitting thermostatic mixing valves.
Keep hot drinks, teapots, matches, irons and hair straighteners out of reach. Use fireguards and spark guards. Drowning Children can drown in a few inches of water; they must be supervised at all times when bathing and near ponds, water containers or pools.
Garden ponds or pools must be properly fenced. Poisoning Keep chemicals and medicines out of sight and reach. Cover sharp corners; use door stoppers to prevent trapped fingers. Car safety Use correct child seats. Put children in a rear seat of a car whenever possible.
Do not put a rear-facing baby seat in a front car seat with an active airbag forward-facing seats in the same position, while not illegal, are also not ideal for toddlers. Never leave children alone in a car.
Outdoor safety Find safe places to play. Use a harness or hold hands with small children in the street. Elderly or disabled people and accident prevention Frailty and health problems make the elderly, particularly those over the age of 75, at increased risk of accidents, usually occurring in the home.Consequently, we are urging caution in examining airbag injuries of belted occupants when there’s no head injury to look for some of those other injuries because we are seeing them much more frequently in airbag belted cases than we are in belted cases alone because the head injury goes along with the belted case.
from the statistic of injuries Nearly half of them involved the upper extremity, especially the distal radius; significantly, 74% of them were fractures,35 Wrist guards are one of the most common protective devices used for preventing fall-related injuries during sport activities.
a Sorbothane glove, an air cell, and an air. The driver's air bag is in the steering wheel, and the passenger's air bag is behind a panel on the dashboard.
The driver’s air bag is about the size of a large beach ball when fully inflated, but the passenger’s air bag can be much larger. L ightweight, durable, water-resistant, and ready to fulfill all your survival timberdesignmag.com’s what your bug out bag should be like. However, we all know packing a BOB is a balancing act: there are items that are crucial.
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Read about Accidents and their Prevention and get accident prevention information for domestic accidents. About 14, people die in the UK, most of them in England and more than , will be seriously injured in England alone.
Parenting interventions (usually home-based) may be effective in preventing childhood injury. When AIS =3–6 level trauma were considered, raw data showed increases in head and chest injuries with the present side airbag ensemble, suggestive of increased survival with serious injuries.
However, as discussed earlier, this interpretation must be supported with additional analysis.